This section describes the following Rackspace Private Cloud powered by VMware (RPC-VMware) tasks:
- Accessing the RPC-VMware environment
- Obtaining guest VM templates
- Assigning public IP addresses
- Activating Rackspace-provided OS image licenses
- Patching the OS
- Managing capacity
- Using the API
- Managing permissions
- Migrating workloads
- Guest OS Clustering
- Using plug-ins and third-party software
Accessing the RPC-VMware environment#
For security reasons, you must establish a VPN connection to the Rackspace firewall to access your RPC-VMware environment. You can establish either a site-to-site or client-to-site VPN to satisfy this requirement.
Your RPC-VMware environment includes DNS servers, which provide local DNS resolution. Therefore, you must configure conditional forwarding in your DNS infrastructure to correctly resolve DNS records for RPC-VMware management services. Contact your support team for more details.
Rackspace creates ticket with the details of how to establish a VPN connection and how to access the various services in your RPC-VMware environment. If you have purchased several environments in different data centers, you will receive individual tickets specific to each environment.
Rackspace provides complimentary OS templates for deploying VMs. These OS templates use the vCenter Content Library system and are configured as a subscribed third-party library. If you request the subscription during or after your RPC-V deployment, the OS templates consume a small amount of disk space on one of the available datastores in your RPC-V environment.
Rackspace will only provide complementary OS templates for operating systems listed on the EOL Terms page that have not yet reached the End for Sale date. The Rackspace template catalog is periodically updated to add or remove OS templates based on their status on this page.
Assigning public IP addresses#
Rackspace can provide public Internet Protocol (IP) addresses to assign to VMs and other virtual systems that you deploy within your RPC-VMware environment. Rackspace provides these public IP addresses by assigning small blocks of IP addresses to the external interface of the physical firewall in your environment and establishing NAT assignments to private IP addresses behind the firewall. Rackspace works with you to determine how many public IP addresses you require and which internal networks the NATs should be assigned to. Rackspace provides you with a table listing this public IP NAT assignment.
It is your responsibility to manage the assignment of private IP addresses that correspond to a public IP address. This ensures you are able to externally access any systems provisioned by you in your environment.
Rackspace can assist you in managing access rules on the physical firewall to restrict unwanted access to a system with a public IP address enabled. You can manage these access rules by using the My Rackspace portal. It is your responsibility to remove or adjust these rules if a private IP address is no longer used or transferred to a different virtual system. If you need Rackspace assistance with the access rules on the physical firewall, create a support ticket or call your dedicated account team.
If any additional IP addresses are required, contact your Rackspace Support team.
Activating Rackspace-provided OS image licenses#
If you purchase host-based OS licensing for Windows or Red Hat from Rackspace, instructions on how to activate the licenses are provided by your account team. Failure to follow these instructions might impact the function of the OS.
You can manage your OS patches by using any external OS patching source provided by the OS manufacturer. If you have purchased a host-based license for Red Hat Enterprise Linux, you will receive instructions on how to use the Rackspace OS patching sources for that OS, if you choose to use them. If you encounter configuration issues or patching is not working, enter a support ticket or call your dedicated account team.
You are responsible for capacity management and must inform Rackspace when additional resources are required. You can use vCenter Server alarms and performance graphs to monitor cluster, host, VM, and datastore resources.
To aid in capacity planning, we recommend using VMware vRealize Operations. vRealize Operations has advanced forecasting, monitoring, and rightsizing capabilities, including email alerts and Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP). The vRealize Operations dashboard enables you to best manage your resources and optimize performance.
For capacity management, you can choose to use third-party software that is compatible with RPC-VMware services. However, Rackspace does not guarantee compatibility with third-party products, and functionality is limited within the Customer Access role permissions.
Using the API#
You can use the VMware APIs within the boundaries of the permission set of each component that you purchase for RPC-VMware. For the most up-to-date API information, see the VMware site.
Rackspace retains administrative access to the RPC-VMware environment. However, over 300 permissions are enabled so that you can manage the hosted VMs.
If you have a specific use case or third-party system that you want to integrate with your RPC-VMware environment but can’t because of the level of access provided to you, discuss your requirements with your account team to determine adjustments can be made. Requests for additional permissions are reviewed on a case-by-case basis. Create a ticket or call your dedicated account team to discuss your requirements.
If you have selected to use the Rackspace-provided directory service to host user accounts for your staff, create a ticket to request additional user accounts or changes to existing accounts.
It is your responsibility to request user account deletion for staff no longer authorized to access your RPC-VMware environment.
If you have selected to use your internal Active Directory (AD) to host user accounts for your staff, it is your responsibility to manage user accounts that need to be added to or removed from groups that have been enabled for various access roles in your RPC-VMware environment.
Rackspace has two primary methods for migrating workloads:
- Network migration: Use for small data sets
- Physical migration: Use for large data sets
When choosing a method, you need to assess the time, cost, difficulty, amount of data to be migrated, including any discussions with Rackspace before making a selection on what method you choose to use.
VMs can be migrated in either a powered on or powered off state; however, powered on migrations have specific requirements that must be met for continuous operation. Powered off migrations have the most flexibility in transfer options but require downtime for the services running on the VMs.
When selecting a migration method, note the following considerations:
- Bandwidth and latency: Transfers over the network between sites can be affected by low bandwidth or latency, increasing the transfer time or preventing live VM migrations.
- Timescale for the migration: The size of the VMs might not allow timely transfer over a network. A physical transfer using a USB drive (or similar method) might result in faster transfer times even with the added time of shipping the drive.
- Downtime for the VMs: A physical transfer requires downtime. Some network methods allow continuous operation or minimal downtime.
- Dataset size: Smaller VMs are more easily transferred over a network, while large amounts of data take time to transfer and might be better suited for physical transfer.
- Longevity of the solution: Is the migration temporary or permanent? You need to note which devices will need to be decommissioned, repurposed, or rebuilt.
- Cost for the solution: The cost can range from free, with the customer performing all the work, to customer assistance, to Professional Services engagements, and depends on the complexity of the migration. Additional equipment, infrastructure, and licensing can also affect the cost.
- Skill set of the customer: The self-service option might be sufficient for some customers, while others might need assistance from Professional Services.
- Versions of the VMware products: Certain migration methods require specific versions of the VMware products to properly facilitate the migration.
- Complexity of customer environment: More complex customer environments or business requirements might dictate a specific migration process.
- Snapshots: We recommend removing any VM snapshots before migration to ensure disk file integrity.
Rackspace provides assistance in selecting, enabling, and even performing the migration of your existing workload to your RPC-VMware environment.
Contact your dedicated account team to discuss the services and pricing.
Guest OS Clustering#
You can run clustered instances of guest VMs in your RPC-VMware environment, subject to the following configuration restrictions.
- Virtual machines participating in clustering must remain compatible with vMotion. This might require OS level configuration steps. Contact your support team for further details.
- Virtual machines participating in clustering with a shared disk configuration must reside on external SAN storage. Rackspace can provide fully managed Dedicated or Shared SAN for this purpose.
- Windows VMs participating in clustering must run Windows 2008 SP2 or later.
- Rackspace Managed Backup for RPC-VMware is not currently available for clustered guest VMs.
If you are interested in running clustered guest OS services, contact your support team for further details.
Rackspace must be able to place ESXi hosts into maintenance mode in order to patch your RPC-VMware environment. Any configuration that you create that prevents this may be removed. Speak to your support team for more details.
Using plug-ins and third party software#
You can use plug-ins and third-party software that operates with the Customer Access permissions provided to you.
Rackspace does not guarantee compatibility with anything that you may install or configure with your RPC-VMware environment.
If Rackspace determines that a plug-in or third-party software tool is causing reliability or stability issues with your RPC-VMware environment that affect Rackspace’s ability to support and maintain it, we notify you and work with you to resolve the issue.